While there may be an element of theft involved in a burglary, Arizona state law does not use the terms interchangeably. Burglary can simply involve unlawful entry of a commercial or residential structure without actually stealing any possessions. Theft, on the other hand, must involve the actual taking of property. Burglary relates specifically to buildings, such as commercial properties or houses (and vehicles in certain cases).
If you are caught with the tools of burglary, the prosecution will try to prove you had intent to commit the crime. These tools can include a pry bar to force open locks or a master key that helps you unlock doors. It is possible to be sent to prison when found in possession of these tools even if you never actually attempted the crime of burglary, because the intention is clear.
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